Nepal Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Survey

Title: Nepal Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Survey
Principal Investigators: Sarah Bradley, Sujan Karki, Tess Shiras
Timeline: May 2017 – May 2020


The SHOPS Plus Nepal program will implement a pair of baseline and endline knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) surveys to evaluate the effectiveness of health promotion and education activities implemented by the Nepal CRS Company (CRS)in the Ghar Ghar Maa Swasthya (GGMS) Project. CRS implements GGMS activities in 49 hill and mountain districts. In four districts, CRS implemented a program called the Remote Area Initiative (RAI), a component of GGMS that includes more intensive behavior change activities. GGMS focuses on improving health outcomes related to family planning and maternal and child health. RAI activities work on family planning and maternal and child health, but also address a wider range of issues that are not addressed by CRS in all GGMS districts, including antenatal care, safe delivery, and personal hygiene. All GGMS activities began before 2017 and are ongoing while the RAI began in 2018 after SHOPS Plus completed the KAP baseline survey. The KAP survey collected baseline and will collect endline data to measure the effectiveness of GGMS and RAI activities as well as to inform CRS project improvements throughout the period of SHOPS Plus work with CRS (2017-2020).

Objectives/research questions:

The overall objective of this research effort is to understand the effectiveness of the GGMS and Remote Area Initiative interventions at improving KAP in key health areas among women ages 15-49.


The study is using two surveys to obtain the required information. A baseline survey assessed current KAP related to key GGMS and RAI outcomes and provided CRS with information to inform management of its GGMS and RAI activities. An endline survey will provide data that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of GGMS and RAI interventions during the period that SHOPS Plus works with CRS (2017 – 2020) and measure changes in key outcomes, including modern contraceptive prevalence rate and use of oral rehydration salts in GGMS and RAI districts as well as attendance at antenatal care visits and institutional deliveries in RAI districts.

Read a comprehensive report of baseline findings  and a brief that describes how SHOPS Plus Nepal and CRS used data for decision-making in the RAI program.

Status: Baseline survey complete; Endline survey planned for Fall 2019
Date of last update: April 2019


Learn more about our work in Nepal and pharmaceutical partnerships and social marketing.

See other SHOPS plus studies. 



Sustaining Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) Plus is a five-year cooperative agreement (AID-OAA-A-15-00067) funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through USAID. The information provided on this website is not official U.S. government information and does not represent the views or positions of USAID or the U.S. government.

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